Waissi’s latest design, which will be the basis for the prototype that hopefully runs. Stiffer solid plates have replaced the steel rods that keep the pistons attached to each other and properly phased.
Waissi’s new engine is an opposed piston configuration that uses conventional head, valve and combustion chamber designs. What’s different is that the Waissi engine has no connecting rods between the pistons and the crankshaft. Instead, the pistons push directly on what Waissi calls a “crankdisk”. The engine’s output shaft has a large journal mounted eccentrically on the shaft, with a bearing ring that spins on the journal. The outside surface of the bearing ring fits into a landed grove at the bottom of the piston structure. When the piston is pushed down during the power stroke, the downward motion of the piston causes the crank to spin because of the offset as the bearing ring rolls under the piston landing. Each piston has an opposed twin which then spins the crank disk another 180 degrees to complete a revolution. The two pistons are attached to each other via steel rods, which keeps them timed properly. In his latest design, Waissi has replaced the rods with solid plates.
The advantage over a conventional connecting rod engine is reduced friction, reduced weight, and reduced complexity. For a four cylinder engine, Waissi’s piston/crank assembly has only five moving parts vs nine for a standard engine. Fewer parts means lower cost.Many of today’s new engine designs are focused on reducing friction.
The Waissi engine has nine bearing surfaces compared to 11 for a standard motor. Four of those nine surfaces, where the pistons meet the crankdisk bearing ring, are rolling surfaces which have significantly lower friction than the sliding surfaces in a conventional engine’s piston rod big end bearings. Because the two pistons are fixed to each other there is also reduced friction from pistons rocking and then scraping the cylinder walls. Waissi calculates that total friction will be 50% of that of a conventional engine.
The “crankdisc” that is at the heart of the Waissi engine design
Dynamic balancing is also simpler because there are no rocking connecting rods generating secondary forces. Waissi claims that because there are no connecting rods, the piston acceleration and force curves follow an ideal, perfectly sinusoidal path, something that would only be possible in a conventional engine if the connecting rods were infinitely long. That should result in a smoother running engine.The concept is not fuel or cycle dependent so two-strokes and diesels are possible. Other than how energy is transferred from the pistons to the output shaft, everything else works the same.
The concept is based on a two cylinder module, so 4, 6, and 8 cylinder (or more) versions are possible by just stacking modules with the correct phasing to maintain dynamic balance. The four cylinder’s two modules would be phased 180° apart, a six cylinder would have them 120° apart and an eight would have the modules phased 90°. As with Ecomotor’s similarly modular OPOC engine, or with Chrysler’s aborted Gemini engine developed by Roush, cylinder deactivation could be effected by a clutch between the modules, allowing a module to be completely shut down, unlike in a conventional multi-displacement engine which still has frictional and pumping energy losses from the deactivated cylinders.
The crankdisc actually rolls under the pistons. Rolling friction is reduced compared to the spinning friction of a conventional con rod’s big end bearing.