Wednesday, 6 December 2017

Ford Model- T

It will not be an overreaction when we’ll say, that Ford T revolutionized the world. Before model T hit the market, only rich people could afford to have a car. Thanks to Ford T debut thought. common middle-class American could have their own family car. It is without a doubt one of the most important cars in the history of automotive industry.

It is now commonly regarded as a first affordable automobile in the world, and for sure he is an ancestor of the likes like Fiat 500, WV Beetle, WV Golf, so different examples of cars, that were produced for the masses. How important feat it is will best express the fact, that this car won the
award for Most Influential Car of the 20th Century, chosen by voters from around the world.

First T Model left production line in 1908. It instantly becomes a big hit, cause it stands out among other cars. It wasn’t like other cheap automobiles, but Ford T for low price provided durability, versatility, ease of maintenance (also in terms of affordability), and comfort. It had standards, it had class, and all that was available for not sky-high price. Soon, more than 40% of cars sold in America were T models! No car ever matched such numbers, and we can safely say it will be hard for any other vehicle to ever match it. If it will, then it would have to be also connected with some sort of major revolution in the automotive industry, and also it would have to be an affordable car, just like most popular Ford ever was.

A complete line of Ford Model T

This car was nothing short of being a genius concept. It could have such quality for so low price,cause it was very innovative in terms of materials used, how the engine was designed and

many other details like that. The especially engine is being praised to this day, as absolutely amazing for its time – it was much simpler than other engines produced in these times, and this simplicity effected inefficiency, and also this engine was very easy to repair, so every ownerquickly learned how to do it all by themselves. You probably wonder what kind of performance

we are talking here about. Well, for sure you can’t expect much from a car produced over a century ago, but 40-45 miles per hour is not so bad, right? Surely, long trips in such vehicle could seem like taking forever, but to be honest, most of us, who are living in big cities, don’t drive daily faster than this. So even today this engine could fit needs of most of us, and of course, it did the job for people one hundred years ago. One big construction failure also occurred, let's are honest here – most of the time T Model had to be driven up a steep hill…backward. Why is that you ask? What kind of idea is it? Well, it had to be done that way, at least often, cause fuel tank was located under the front seat, and engine didn’t use any kind of pump to fed itself with the engine, so eventually, reverse gear actually offered more power than forwarding gears.

Over 15 millions of T models were sold overall, which makes one of the best selling cars in the history of the industry. It is a more impressive feat of course then when some modern car gets close to that number, as nowadays in every family you may count even up to few cars, even

when they are not even middle-class, but then obviously situation was much different. With such enormous sales also production line had to be revolutionized, and Ford succeeded. Of course,not from the beginning, but at 1914 whole assembly process of Model To took around 1.5 hours!

It is astonishing considering what times we are talking about and also shows, how ahead was back then America in comparison to the rest of the world. The fact, that Ford T was dominating domestic market was enough to make Ford T most popular car in the world, in fact at one point 50% of all cars on the globe were Ford T’s! But the market had started to change, and after twenty years successful production of this model was over.

 Many argue, that it didn’t have to go that way, but it was Henry Ford himself,who couldn’t adapt to changing market. As he was a visionary in early 00′s, in 30′s he already was making huge marketing mistakes. For example, Model T wasn’t advancing in terms of styling and even comfort. Ford still believed, that his opus magnum is enough, that it provides everything car should provide to a person. But people started to require more, and Ford was starting to lose his market share to companies that understood how cars must represent more and more quality, provide more comfort, and be more stylish. In 1927, last Ford T left the factory. Interestingly, its engines were still being produced and used, even up to 1941, what is a remarkable success for engine invented in 1907.Nowadays these cars are industry’s legends, and no car collection can be truly respectable without one.

Author: My name is David Lieberman. I work as the president of As one of the founding
members of, I have helped the company from its initial concept into the leading digital
automotive marketplace. Also, I am a technology investor and advisor, helping companies and
entrepreneurs with their projects and sites.

Saturday, 2 December 2017

Biometric Vehicle Access

Biometric technology is an automated access monitoring system, based on behavioral or physiological characteristics, used for verification and recognition of a manual access.

Many versions of biometric security system are available in the market such as voice verification, fingerprints, hand geometry and retina/ iris/ face recognition. It’s a user-friendly, reliable and convenient identification and monitoring method.

The utilization of biometric identification can blend nicely with the existing automotive security systems and offer a higher degree of multi-level protection.

Every person has multiple distinctive identifiers useable in biometric technology. Current markers include:
Palm prints
Hand geometry
Retina and iris recognition
Facial recognition

Since these particular traits are difficult or impossible to duplicate, they have multiple benefits when used in biometric technology.

Source : Proctocars, automobilesecurity.

Choose your first bike

Are you actually looking for pure performance or it’s just a case of convenience, there’s a motorbike to suit your every need. But if you’re new to the road, or a biking beginner, there’s a couple of things to consider before you set off.

simple steps to be followed :
  1. You might come from a family of bikers, or you might just be looking for a cost-effective commute, either way there’s a few things
  2.  you’ll need to tackle before you take to the rider’s seat.
  3.  The type of bike you want to ride will affect the licence you’ll require and the insurance price you’re offered so it’s worth taking some time to consider your options.

Choosing your first bike can be an exciting time. If you’re getting on the road for the first time, you might be feeling a pretty big sense of achievement as independence looms large. 

But with so many bikes on the market it can sometimes be a bit of a daunting task trying to find one that’s right for you. Are you looking for a little run-around or something pumped up for performance.

keep reading for details our next article.

Source : comparemarket ,bikebandit

Thursday, 23 November 2017

Automotive Emission Control Strategies

The development of automotive emission control technology over the last three and a half decades is one of the greatest environmental success stories of this century. Compared to the 1960s the emission of motor vehicles has dropped to a fraction, the fuel economy has doubled.

New Innovations Which Changed the Gasoline Emission Scenario are multi-point fuel injection (MPFI), Variable valve timing (VVT), 3 way catalytic converter, Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) & On-board diagnostic (OBD) whereas for reduction of  Diesel Engine Emission Turbocharger, Fuel injection system, Cooled EGR, After treatment devices such as Oxidation catalyst, Particulate traps, Lean NOx trap & SCR is used. There are some technical & non-technical measures by which emission can be controlled.

Non-Technical Control Measures:

·         Good town planning (low skyscrapers /satellite cities).
·         Congestion charges, area-licensing scheme, parking charges, phasing out of vehicles, etc.
·         Proper traffic pattern & road networking (eg. Flyovers).
·         Public awareness (energy efficient purchase, driving habits, carpooling).
·         Efficient public transport/transit system (Bus Rapid Transit).
·         Promote cycling/walking/Bicycle Lanes/2 Wheeler Bridges.
·         Proper maintenance.
·         Scrappage of Vehicles above 15 years.
·         Prevent Adulteration of fuels.
·         Living with plants.

Technical Control Measures:

·         Clean fuels & lubricants.
·         Alternate fuels.
·         After treatment.
·         Optimal design of engines.
·         Optimization of the driveline to improve fuel efficiency.
·         Retro fitment of new technologies.

Source & Image Courtesy: Auto how stuff works, OICA, NEERI

Automotive Emissions

Air pollution is solid, liquid or gaseous substances that change the natural composition of air. Air pollution sources can be characterized in two categories one from stationary sources & other from mobile sources. Stationary sources of air pollution consists of Combustion of fuels for power and heat, other burning such as incineration or forest fires, Industrial/commercial processes & Solvents and aerosols whereas mobile sources of air pollution are Highway vehicles: cars, trucks, buses, and motorcycles & Off-highway vehicles such as aircraft, boats, locomotives, farm equipment, RVs, construction machinery and lawn mowers.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, motor vehicles produce around 16 percent of pollutants in the environment. Seventy-five percent of carbon monoxide emissions come from automobiles. The main pollutants from the automotive are carbon monoxide, Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), NOx, Ozone, Lead, Particulate matter (PM), Carbon Dioxide & Carbon Particles. These pollutants affect the human circulatory system, heart, lungs, respiratory system, brain, cancer & nervous system.

Sources of Automotive Emissions

·         Engine Crankcase Blow-by Fumes (20%) – heating oil and burning of fuel that blows past piston rings and into the crankcase.
·         Fuel Vapour (20%) – chemicals that enter the air as fuel evaporate.
·         Engine Exhaust (60%) - blown out the tailpipe when the engine burns a hydrocarbon-based fuel.

Automotive emission is also a significant contributor to climate change causing global warming. With increasing travel, health effects will only be reduced with continual improvement in fuels, emissions controls, and better inspection & Maintenance. 

In addition, the introduction of environmentally friendly technologies like hydrogen, fuel cells, electric/electric-hybrid, etc. would also help.

Source & Image Courtesy: Auto how stuff works, OICA, NEERI

Tuesday, 7 November 2017

Ban on Pillion Riding

The Karnataka government has banned pillion riding on two-wheelers with engine capacities below 100cc to curb the accidents. The transport department has also banned future registration of two-wheelers below 100cc if they have seats for pillion riders. Karnataka High Court had passed the order in June 2015 while awarding compensation to Hemant, a minor crippled for life in a road accident in Mysore in 2009 while riding pillion on a two-wheeler. 

The notification, while it only mentions which vehicles are banned, does not specify why. It also lists out the engine capacities of the bikes that are banned, of which barring one, all of them fall short of the 100cc mark by anything from 0.3 to 2.3 cubic centimetre. Hero Motocop's Splendor and Passion bikes, TVS Motors' Scooty Pep plus scooter and XL 100 moped are among the vehicles that will be affected by the ban.

The worst to be affected by this decision is the common man. Not everyone can afford a bike; some may choose to go for cheaper variants, which may have smaller engines. With this ruling in place, many of them will have to look for alternative means of transport.
Karnataka’s move to ban pillion riders on sub-100cc two-wheelers flies in the face of safety logic. There is no evidence to suggest that riders in this category are more vulnerable to road deaths than their counterparts on more powerful bikes and scooters. The implicit assumption that cyclists are safer than pillion riders of mopeds, entry-level bikes and mini-scooters is also bereft of any empirical supporting evidence. When bad roads and potholes are the bigger villains of the piece, how this proposed ban on pillion riding will help is completely inexplicable. 

Source & Image Courtesy: Dailyhunt,, Timesofindia.

The Award wining Suzuki Intruder finally launched in India

The award-winning Suzuki Intruder M1800R launched to the top of the power cruiser market upon its introduction. Its unique style and exhilarating performance – born of championship-winning Suzuki race heritage – have made it the leader in the class.

 The Intruder M1800R’s performance begins with its 109-cubic inch (1783cc), Suzuki fuel-injected 54 degree V-twin engine. It’s tuned to produce massive torque all the way from idle to redline, which translates into acceleration that you just have to feel to believe.

Intruder M1800R’s class-leading 1783cc, 8-valve DOHC, 54 degree, liquid-cooled, Suzuki fuel-injected V-twin engine is designed to produce massive tractable power and responsive torque for strong throttle response and quick acceleration for strong, versatile performance on the street or open highway

source: suzukimotors